Personal Property Taxes
What Is Taxed
- Personal property taxes are assessed on vehicles (cars, trucks, motorcycles, and motor homes) and also boats, trailers, mobile homes, and business personal property.
- Vehicle taxes are pro-rated based on the number of months that a vehicle maintains situs (location) in our county. Boats and business personal property are not prorated.
- Assessments are based on the National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) loan value as of January 1 of each tax year, if available. If NADA value is not available, a cost depreciation is used. Call the Personal Property department at 540-928-2050 for more information.
- Tax Rates
Changes to Records
- All personal property assessments and records maintenance is the responsibility of the office of the Commissioner of the Revenue who may be contacted by calling 540-928-2050.
- When you have sold or purchased a vehicle, please contact the Commissioner of the Revenue within 30 days and keep that office informed of any change in ownership and/or address so that future bills will be correct.
- Notifying the DMV alone will not ensure that your personal property account will be accurate.
- Keep the us informed of any change in address so that future bills will be mailed to the correct address. You may email the Commissioner of the Revenue or call at 540-928-2050.
Failure to keep the commissioner of the revenue informed
When Tax is Due
Annual personal property taxes are due November 1st.
Veteran Vehicle Tax Relief
For the year 2021, Virginia has a new law (§ 58.1-3668) that allows 100% service connected disabled veterans to receive tax exemption on one of their vehicles.
- The vehicle must be owned and primarily used by the veteran or the veteran and spouse.
- The exemption only applies to one motor vehicle per disabled veteran.
- The exemption only applies to living veterans. Not surviving spouses.
- Vehicles used for business do not qualify.
Personal Property Tax Relief Act
The Personal Property Tax Relief Act of 1998, as revised in 2004 and 2005, provides tax relief for passenger cars, motorcycles, and pickup or panel trucks having a registered gross weight of fewer than 7,501 pounds.
Motor homes, boats, trailers, and farm-use vehicles do not qualify for tax relief.
Vehicles qualified for tax relief are noted on your tax bill and show a reduction on the first $20,000 of value for the portion of the tax the Commonwealth will reimburse the County for the tax year. If your qualifying vehicle's assessed value is $1,000 or less, the Commonwealth's share is 100%.
- The vehicle must be owned by an individual or leased by an individual under a contract requiring the individual to pay the personal property tax and be used less than 50% for business purposes.
- A vehicle would be considered to be used for business purposes if:
- More than 50% of the mileage for the year is used as a business expense for Federal Income Tax purposes or reimbursed by an employer.
- More than 50% of the depreciation associated with the vehicle is deducted as a business expense for Federal Income Tax.
- The cost of the vehicle is expensed pursuant to Section 179 of the Internal Revenue Service Code.
- The vehicle is leased by an individual and the leasing company pays the tax without reimbursement from the individual.
How Relief is Calculated
In 2004 and 2005, due to the cost of personal property tax relief, the General Assembly changed the funding formula used to provide car tax relief. For tax years 2001 through 2005, the state's share for qualifying vehicles was 70%. In 1998, when the program began, the state's share of personal property taxes was 12.5%.
Localities now receive a fixed, lump-sum block payment that will not change regardless of the increased value or volume of vehicles added since the formula was developed, based on 2004 factors. As the result, the state will pay less of a share each year as the number and value of vehicles continue to grow. The new funding formula, effective for the tax year 2006, requires a calculation each year to determine the share of personal property taxes to be paid by the property owner, based on the declining percentage of share funded by the state.
You are required to certify annually to the Commissioner of the Revenue that your vehicle remains qualified to receive car tax relief. Therefore, it is important that you review the information sent to you by your locality to be sure that your vehicles are properly qualified. If your vehicle is improperly qualified or you are uncertain whether your vehicle would be eligible for car tax relief because it is used part of the time for business purposes, contact the Commissioner of the Revenue. When pay your taxes on qualified vehicles, you are certifying to the County that your vehicle has been qualified correctly.
Personal Property Links
Chris T. BoothCommissioner of the Revenue
For questions about personal property such as vehicles, RVs, boats, trailers, or business personal property
57 S Center Dr
Daleville, VA 24083
57 S Center Dr Daleville VA 24083
P.O. Box 128
Fincastle, VA 24090
Phone: 540-928-2050Fax: 540-473-8289